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Feel free to copy, modify and use the contents of this (these) page(s) for non profit purposes. Commercial use however is prohibited! If you use it, just send an e-mail to hugo dot coolens at skynet dot be to let me know and make a reference to the original page at http://users.skynet.be/fa006481/newurdu/newurdu.html

Instructions


The complete Urdu alphabet

click on 
character
You can use this table to navigate directly to a character by clicking on it. Read from top to bottom and from right to left.


The 1st letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

table1

         Examples

         Notes


The 2nd letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel2

         Examples

         Notes


The 3rd letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel3

         Examples

         Notes


The 4th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel4

         Examples

         Notes


The 5th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel5

         Examples

         Notes


The 6th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel6

         Examples

         Notes


The 7th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

tabel7b

tabel7

         Examples


The 8th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

tabel8b

tabel8

         Examples


The 9th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

tabel9b

tabel9

         Examples

         Notes


The 10th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

tabel10b

tabel10

         Examples

         Notes


The 11th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel11

         Examples

         Notes


The 12th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel12

         Examples

         Notes


The 13th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel13

         Examples

         Notes


The 14th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel14

         Examples

         Notes


The 15th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel15

         Examples

         Notes


The 16th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel16

         Examples

         Notes


The 17th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel17

         Examples

         Notes


The 18th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel18

         Examples

         Notes


The 19th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel19

         Examples


The 20th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel20

         Examples


The 21th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel21

         Examples


The 22th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel22

         Examples

         Notes


The 23th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel23

         Examples


The 24th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel24

         Examples


The 25th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel25

         Examples


The 26th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel26

         Examples


The 27th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel27

         Examples

         Notes


The 28th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel28

         Examples


The 29th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel29

         Examples


The 30th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel30

         Examples


The 31th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

tabel31b

tabel31

         Examples


The 32th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel32

         Examples

         Notes


The 33th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel33

         Examples

         Notes


The 34th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel34

         Examples

         Notes


The 35th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel35

         Examples

         Notes


The 36th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel36

         Examples

         Notes


The 37th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel37

         Examples

         Notes


The 38th letter of the Urdu alphabet

         Name

         Shapes

 

tabel38

         Examples

         Notes


Thanks To

Stefaan Willems, Mohammad Jahangeer Warsi, Anshuman Pandey, Mazhar and last but not least Christina Oesterheld.


Things to do

Copyleft Notice

Feel free to copy, modify and use the contents of this (these) document(s) for non profit purposes. Commercial use is prohibited! If you use it, just let me know and make a reference to the original page.

Introduction

Urdu is most often written in a Persian-Arabic script called Nastaleeq (Nastaliq). The Nastaleeq character set (the Urdu alphabet) contains 39 characters -some people say 35-, and is a super set of the Arabic and Persian alphabets.
There are no upper and lower case characters in Nastaleeq.

Instructions

الفباۓ اردو

The Urdu alphabet


#

 

اشکال

اسم

Name

Unicode

Devanagari equiv.

0

ء

 

ہمزہ

hamzah

U+0621

 

 

1

ا

‍ا

الف

alif

U+0627

 

 

1a

آ

‍آ

الف مدّہ

alif maddah

U+0622

U+0906

2

ب

ب‍ ‍ب‍ ‍ب

بے

U+0628

U+092C

2h

 

بھ ‍بھ

بھے

bhē

 

U+092D

3

پ

پ‍ ‍پ‍ ‍پ

پے

U+067E

U+092A

3h

 

پھ ‍پھ

پھے

phē

 

U+092B

4

ت

ت‍ ‍ت‍ ‍ت

تے

U+062A

U+0924

4h

 

تھ ‍تھ

تھے

thē

 

U+0925

5

ٹ

ٹ‍ ‍ٹ‍ ‍ٹ

ٹے

t.ē

U+0679

U+091F

5h

 

ٹھ ‍ٹھ

ٹھے

t.hē

 

U+0920

6

ث

ث‍ ‍ث‍ ‍ث

ثے

sē

U+062B

U+0938

7

ج

ج‍ ‍ج‍ ‍ج

جیم

jīm

U+062C

U+091C

7h

 

جھ ‍جھ

جھے

jhē

 

U+091D

8

چ

چ‍ ‍چ‍ ‍چ

چے

čē = cē

U+0686

U+091A

8h

 

چھ ‍چھ

چھے

čhē = chē

 

U+091B

9

ح

ح‍ ‍ح‍ ‍ح

بڑی حے

bar.ī Hē

U+062D

U+0939

10

خ

خ‍ ‍خ‍ ‍خ

خے

xē = khē

U+062E

U+0959

11

د

‍د

دال

dāl

U+062F

U+0926

11h

 

دھ ‍دھ

دھے

dhē

 

U+0927

12

ڈ

‍ڈ

ڈال

d.āl

U+0688

U+0921

12h

 

ڈھ ‍ڈھ

ڈھے

d.hē

 

U+0922

13

ذ

‍ذ

ذال

zāl

U+0630

U+095B

14

ر

‍ر

رے

U+0631

U+0930

15

ڑ

‍ڑ

ڑے

r.ē

U+0691

U+095C

15h

 

ڑھ ‍ڑھ

ڑھے

r.hē

 

U+095D

16

ز

‍ز

زے

U+0632

U+095B

17

ژ

‍ژ

ژے

ē = zhē

U+0698

झ़

U+091D+093C

18

س

س‍ ‍س‍ ‍س

سین

sīn

U+0633

U+0938

19

ش

ش‍ ‍ش‍ ‍ش

شین

īn = shīn

U+0634

U+0936

20

ص

ص‍ ‍ص‍ ‍ص

صاد

Sād, Suād

U+0635

U+0938

21

ض

ض‍ ‍ض‍ ‍ض

ضاد

Żād, Żuād

U+0636

U+095B

22

ط

ط‍ ‍ط‍ ‍ط

طوے

Tōē

U+0637

U+0924

23

ظ

ظ‍ ‍ظ‍ ‍ظ

ظوے

Zōē

U+0638

U+095B

24

ع

ع‍ ‍ع‍ ‍ع

عین

ain

U+0639

 

 

25

غ

غ‍ ‍غ‍ ‍غ

غین

ğain

U+063A

U+095A

26

ف

ف‍ ‍ف‍ ‍ف

فے

U+0641

U+095E

27

ق

ق‍ ‍ق‍ ‍ق

قاف

qāf

U+0642

U+0958

28

ک

ک‍ ‍ک‍ ‍ک

کاف

kāf

U+06A9

U+0915

28h

 

کھ ‍کھ

کھے

khē

 

U+0916

29

گ

گ‍ ‍گ‍ ‍گ

گاف

gāf

U+06AF

U+0917

29h

 

گھ ‍گھ

گھے

ghē

 

U+0918

30

ل

ل‍ ‍ل‍ ‍ل

لام

lām

U+0644

U+0932

31

م

م‍ ‍م‍ ‍م

میم

mīm

U+0645

U+092E

32

ن

ن‍ ‍ن‍ ‍ن

نون

nūn

U+0646

U+0928

32a

ں

‍ں

نون غنّہ

nūn-e ğunnah

U+06BA

U+0901

33

و

‍و

واو

vāō

U+0648

U+0935

34

ہ

ہ‍ ‍ہ‍ ‍ہ

چھوٹی ہے

čhōt.ī hē

U+06C1

U+0939

34a

ه

ه‍ ‍ه‍ ‍ه

چھوٹی هے

čhōt.ī hē

U+0647

U+0939

34b

ھ

ھ‍ ‍ھ‍ ‍ھ

دو چشمی هے

dō čamī hē

U+06BE

 

 

35

ی

ی‍ ‍ی‍ ‍ی

چھوٹی یے

čhōt.ī yē

U+06CC

U+092F

35a

ئ

ئ‍ ‍ئ‍ ‍ئ

ہمزہ

hamzah

U+0626

 

 

35b

ے

‍ے

بڑی یے

bar.ī yē

U+06D2

U+090F


The Urdu alphabet consists of 35 letters with the following additions:
Symbol 0 and letter 35a denote a syllable break.
Letter 1a denotes initial ā.
Letter 32a denotes nasalization.
Letter 34a is a glyph variant of letter 34.
Letter 34b forms eleven digraphs denoting aspirates.
Letter 35b denotes final ē or final ai.

Further reading
Hugos Urdu page by Hugo Coolens
Urdu design guide
Implementing Urdu in Unicode
Implementing Urdu in Unicode (PDF)
Guidelines to use of Arabic characters (PDF)
Enabling Pakistani languages through Unicode (PDF)

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