For the commune in France, see Vendel, Ille-et-Vilaine.

Vendel (Breton: Gwennel ) is a commune of the Ille-et-Vilaine département, in Brittany, France.

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Geography

Vendel is located at 38 km in the North-East of Rennes and at 45 km in the south of the Mont Saint-Michel.

The communes bordering are La Chapelle-Saint-Aubert, Billé, Saint-Georges-de-Chesné and Saint-Jean-sur-Couesnon.

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Administration

Town hall

 

Ohthere's mound

Enlarge

Ohthere's mound

http://kosmos.chez-alice.fr/eglises/vendel.htm

 

La commune de Vendel:

Département: Ille-et-Vilaine
Population: 344 habitants
Superficie: 637 ha

Latitude: 48°18N
Longitude: 1°19W
Altitude: 70 m.

L'Église de Vendel
Nom de l'église:St Martin
Période de construction:
14ème remaniée au 18 et 19ème
Particularités:
- Charpente de la nef et du choeur date du XIVe
- Retable intéressant du XVIIe



Vendel

 

Vendel (60°08′N 17°34′E) is a parish in the Swedish province of Uppland. It is the site of an ancient royal estate (part of a network of royal estates that have been the property of the Swedish kings since the Iron Age, called Uppsala öd).

The site has many graves from the 5th, 6th and 7th centuries. It also shows a large mound which local tradition calls Ottarshögen (the mound of Ohthere of the epic Beowulf). An excavation in 1917 revealed the remains of a powerful man who was buried in the beginning of the 6th century, the time of Ohthere.

Vendel has given its name to a period in the Scandinavian Iron Age, and it has often been suggested that the Germanic Vandals, or at least their kings, were connected to the site. A grave of Sutton Hoo (King Raedwald of East Anglia (?)) revealed that the man it contained wore virtually the same armour as what was found in the close burial site of Valsgärde.

The location has lent its name to a period in Swedish archaeology: the Vendel Age.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vendel"



The Vendel Renaissance
(Scandinavia, 4th to 8th c. A.D.)


Metalwork

[Vendel silver fibulae from Swedish graves]

1. Vendel silver fibulae from Swedish graves, based on Late Roman models. Inlaid with impressed gold sheet and embellished with applied rosettes

[Vendel silver gilt fibula, Oland Island]

2. Vendel silver gilt fibula from Öland Island, ca. 400-450 A.D. (Stockholm: Statens Sjöhist. Mus.).

[Vendel sword hilt from Grave V, Snartemo Hagebostad]

3. Vendel sword hilt from Grave V, Snartemo Hägebostad, Vest Agder, Norway. Hilt is repoussé Early 6th c. A.D. The gold plate grips and silver gilt mount at the mouth of the scabbard are in Style I.

[Gilt bronze strap end. Vendel Style II, Uppland, Sweden]

4. Gilt bronze strap end. Vendel Style II. From a 7th-century grave in Uppland, Sweden. The design is a fantastic animal mask.

[Vendel zoomorphic interlaced metalwork]

5. Vendel zoomorphic interlaced metalwork. Booty from middle Sweden. Upper and right objects are from 7th century, and middle and lower objects are from the 8th c.

Stone relief

[Rune stone with horseman from Mojbro, Uppland, Sweden]

1. Rune stone with horseman from Möjbro, Uppland, Sweden. 4th century. The Roman impact on traditional symbolic stone inscriptions, as seen here in the addition of the naturalistic horseman, was ephemeral, but the italic script used for the runic symbols evolved into a written language that lasted many centuries (Stockholm: Statens Sjöhist. Mus.)

[Rune stone]

2. Vendel runestone with interlace and cross within a runic border, 5-6th c. A.D. (Stockholm: Skanlen).

 

The Vendel Period AD 550 800

 

 

 

The time between the Migration Period and the Viking Age, c AD 550-800, is known as the Vendel Period after a cemetery beside Vendel church, near one of the tributaries of the Fyris river in northern Uppland. Rulers of one of the most powerful dynasties in Uppland were buried there during both the Vendel Period and the Viking Age.

 

 

 


 

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Bronze and iron helmet from c AD 600
Parish of Vendel, Uppland, SHM 9785:XII.

 

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A Vendel chieftain's sword from c AD 700
Parish of Vendel, Uppland, SHM 7250:I.

 

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Gilt-bronze mountfrom a baldric (?), 7th century AD
Parish of Vendel, Uppland, SHM 9785:XII

 

 

 

Burial followed an established pattern. The corpse was laid in a boat 7-10 m long (of which only the rivets remain) and surrounded by rich equipment. Weapons were placed close to the body and the bow of the ship was filled with cooking utensils and provisions for banquets, including whole oxen, sheep and pigs which, together with horses and dogs, were laid along the gunwale. Craftsmen's tools were also placed in the boat.

The 7th-century ship burial of Sutton Hoo in east ern England is so similar to those of Vendel and Vals garde that it might almost be Swedish; but it was the grave of an East Anglian king. The similarities between them show that both the king in Sutton Hoo and the Swedish chieftains belonged to circles of so ciety which were in some way connected. The Upp landers could not compete with the East Anglian king in wealth, for while his grave-goods are largely of gold and silver those in the Swedish graves are of gilt bronze.

A similar aristocratic cemetery has been excavated at Valsgarde, 30 km further along the Fyris. The great mound of Ottarshogen, of Migration Period date, lies a couple of kilometres south of Vendel, and immediately south of Valsgarde there are the contemporary 'royal mounds' of (Gamla Uppsala, the main seat of the Svea kings in the Viking Age and Early Middle Ages. The growth of the Svea kingdom is shrouded in mystery but the chieftains of Vendel and Valsgarde must have played a prominent part in political life between the 6th and 11th centuries.

 

 

 


 Vendel

http://perso.wanadoo.fr/olisoleil/Vendel.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Affiner la recherche

Autre recherche

 

 

Localisation

France ; Bretagne ; Ille-et-Vilaine (35) ; Vendel

 

prieuré de bénédictins ; église paroissiale Saint-Martin

Edifice de conservation

 

 

 

 

Elévation Ouest, horloge : vue générale

Notice de l'oeuvre

Auteur de la photo

Bègne, Bernard ; Boden, A. ; Loyon, M.

Crédit photo

© Inventaire général, ADAGP, 1993

Droits diffusion

reproduction soumise à autorisation



Localisation

France ; Bretagne ; Ille-et-Vilaine (35) ; Vendel

 

prieuré de bénédictins ; église paroissiale Saint-Martin

Edifice de conservation

 

 

 

 

Elévation Nord : vue générale

Notice de l'oeuvre

Auteur de la photo

Bègne, Bernard ; Boden, A. ; Loyon, M.

Crédit photo

© Inventaire général, ADAGP, 1993

Droits diffusion

reproduction soumise à autorisation



Localisation

France ; Bretagne ; Ille-et-Vilaine (35) ; Vendel

 

prieuré de bénédictins ; église paroissiale Saint-Martin

Edifice de conservation

 

 

 

 

Elévation Est : vue générale

Notice de l'oeuvre

Auteur de la photo

Bègne, Bernard ; Boden, A. ; Loyon, M.

Crédit photo

© Inventaire général, ADAGP, 1993

Droits diffusion

reproduction soumise à autorisation



Localisation

France ; Bretagne ; Ille-et-Vilaine (35) ; Vendel

 

prieuré de bénédictins ; église paroissiale Saint-Martin

Edifice de conservation

 

 

 

 

Elévation Sud : vue générale

Notice de l'oeuvre

Auteur de la photo

Bègne, Bernard ; Boden, A. ; Loyon, M.

Crédit photo

© Inventaire général, ADAGP, 1993

Droits diffusion

reproduction soumise à autorisation



Localisation

France ; Bretagne ; Ille-et-Vilaine (35) ; Vendel

 

prieuré de bénédictins ; église paroissiale Saint-Martin

Edifice de conservation

 

 

 

 

Elévation Ouest : vue générale

Notice de l'oeuvre

Auteur de la photo

Bègne, Bernard ; Boden, A. ; Loyon, M.

Crédit photo

© Inventaire général, ADAGP, 1993

Droits diffusion

reproduction soumise à autorisation



Localisation

France ; Bretagne ; Ille-et-Vilaine (35) ; Vendel

 

prieuré de bénédictins ; église paroissiale Saint-Martin

Edifice de conservation

 

 

 

 

Elévation Sud : vue générale.

Notice de l'oeuvre

Auteur de la photo

Artur, Guy ; Lambart, Norbert

Crédit photo

© Inventaire général, ADAGP, 1993

Droits diffusion

reproduction soumise à autorisation



Localisation

France ; Bretagne ; Ille-et-Vilaine (35) ; Vendel

 

prieuré de bénédictins ; église paroissiale Saint-Martin

Edifice de conservation

 

 

 

 

Elévation Ouest : vue générale.

Notice de l'oeuvre

Auteur de la photo

Artur, Guy ; Lambart, Norbert

Crédit photo

© Inventaire général, ADAGP, 1993

Droits diffusion

reproduction soumise à autorisation